Senator John Sherman, pictured between 1861 and 1865. Sherman mainly concerned himself with financial matters throughout his political career, but two finance Acts were particularly significant in the Civil War. The Confiscation Act of 1861 allowed the government to confiscate any property, including slaves, that were being used to support the Confederate war effort. The Second Confiscation Act of 1862 clarified that slaves “confiscated” under the 1861 Act were freed.
He also supported the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which abolished slavery, in 1864.
Original daguerreotype from the Brady studio.
Martin Luther King, on December 26th 1956, just six days after the official end of the Montgomery Bus Boycott, sparked by Rosa Parks‘ refusal to move from her seat on a bus to make way for a white person, and her subsequent arrest. Though iconic, it didn’t achieve much in the short term. In fact, things got worse for black people in Montgomery, Alabama and the violent backlash against the victory against segregation soon reversed the fortunes of the black Montgomerians.
On December 1, 1955, in Montgomery, Alabama, Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat in the colored section of a bus to a white passenger, an iconic symbol of the modern Civil Rights Movement.
Today (February 4th) would have been her 101st birthday.
Read more about Rosa Parks, starting here.